Como evitar quedarte afónico o disfónico


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Son muchos los profesores, disertadores, guías turísticos, y otros profesionales que trabajan a diario con su voz que se quedan afónicos o disfónicos después de usar su voz en exceso.

Antes quiero explicar la diferencia entre: Asfónico y disfónico.Evitar quedarte afonico o disfonico

Afónico es directamente sin voz. Disfónico es cuando la voz suena como ronca.

Cuando hablemos de tratamiento, te contaré de la importancia de la respiración en la fonación. De momento, echa un vistazo a este post donde hablo sobre ello: Como respirar para hablar mejor.

Cualquier que sea tu caso, estos consejos te van a venir bien.

¿Qué es la higiene vocal? ¿Sirve para no quedarte afónico?

Se llama Higiene vocal, y como expliqué en este post (Pasos para feminizar la voz)  no tiene nada que ver con lavarse la boca (jajaja). La higiene se refiere a las buenas prácticas y lo vocal a las cuerdas vocales. Con lo cual se refiere a los tips de buena conducta vocal para evitar el mal uso o abuso de las cuerdas vocales.

  • Detectar cuales son las prácticas que hacen que la persona se quede sin voz. Muchas veces es la misma exposición, pero no es todos los casos lo es.
  • Evitar los ambientes secos, y los cambios de temperatura.
  • Explicar el mecanismo de la fonación, para que se una vez se entienda la anatomía y fisiología, se tome consciencia de la forma correcta de “hablar”.
  • Cuidar el “ataque”, es decir, la entrada a las frases, que no sea brusca.
  • Limitar el tiempo de exposición. En el caso de los profesores, tienen que dividir la clase en momentos de explicación oral y trabajos prácticos para que los alumnos trabajen sobre el tema expuesto y éste descanse. Pero en cualquier caso, debe limitarse.
  • Intenta relajar la musculatura del cuello, cara y hombros, para no tener la laringe en tensión.
  • No Toser o aclarar la garganta con el típico carraspeo, es de las peores maniobras para las cuerdas vocales. Se irritan aún más. Hay que evitarlo al máximo.
  • Evitar todo las expresiones espontáneas como: reír fuerte, toser forzadamente, gritar, haz cambios de voz bruscos o cantar.
  • El tabaco, los lugares con polvo o humo, irritan mucho y deben evirtarse a toda costa. Se tiene que respirar siempre por la nariz que filtra todo tipo de partículas y no por la boca que lleva todo a la zona laríngea.
  • Tomar agua con frecuencia cuando se vaya a someter a exposiciones de la voz.
  • Evitar alimentos que provoquen reflujo, comidas muy picantes o muy condimentadas, ya que éste irrita las cuerdas.
  • Tampoco consumir alimentos para provoquen sequedad en la boca.
  • Bebidas como el té, el café o el alcohol, son estimulantes que irritan mucho.
  • Las bebidas no tienen que estar ni muy frías ni muy calientes.
  • Hacer momentos de pausas frecuente, lo más extensa que puedas.
  • No llegues sin aire al final de las frases, haz pausas si es necesario.
  • No consumir caramelos de menta o similares porque resecan aún más.
  • En caso de profesores, no utilizar pizarras con tiza, y mucho menos hablar mientras escribe. El polvo volátil es muy agresivo para las laringe.

Bueno, bueno… creo que hice una buena lista para poder ayudarte a prevenir las patologías más comunes de las cuerdas vocales.

Estas son algunas de los consejos para no que no te quedes afónico, y no dañes tus cuerdas vocales.

Ahora cuéntame:

¿Te quedas sin voz con facilidad?

¿Qué profesión tienes que te obliga a trabajar con tu voz?

¿Te han ayudado estos consejos?

Evitar quedarte afonico disfonico

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